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Artículo de Revisión

Asma en adultos mayores

Anahí Yáñez, Carlos Bueno

Revista Fronteras en Medicina 2016;(4):0140-0145 


El asma se ha considerado a menudo como una enfermedad cuyo inicio se produce en la infancia. Sin embargo, recientes estudios poblacionales han informado que el inicio del asma es común en las personas mayores.
La carga sanitaria, personal y económica del asma puede ser más significativa en los ancianos que en sus homólogos más jóvenes, particularmente en lo que se refiere a la mortalidad, la hospitalización, los costos médicos o la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud.
El asma en el Adulto Mayor (AAM) sigue siendo subdiagnosticada y subtratada.
El objetivo principal de esta Revisión es identificar las necesidades no satisfechas en los campos de investigación y práctica para AAM, así como encontrar nuevas direcciones de investigación, proponer nuevas estrategias terapéuticas y mejorar los resultados para el creciente número de personas mayores con asma.
El desafío de hoy es fomentar la investigación en AAM, utilizando el conocimiento existente para mejorar el diagnóstico, y los diagnósticos deferenciales, así como educar al paciente, desarrollar un enfoque terapéutico seguro y eficaz, controlar la enfermedad y, finalmente, proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida.


Palabras clave: edad, asma en adulto mayor, alergia, envejecimiento,

Asthma has often been considered as a childhood disease. However, recent population studies reported that asthma is common in the elderly
The burden of asthma may be more significant in the elderly than in their younger counterparts, particularly with regard to mortality, hospitalization, medical costs or health-related quality of life.Asthma in the Elderly (AIE) is still under-diagnosed and under-treated.
The primary aim of this review is to identify unmet needs in the fields of research and practice for AIE. This will enable us to find new research directions, propose new therapeutic strategies, and ultimately improve outcomes for elderly people with asthma.
The challenge today is to encourage new research in AIE, but to already use existing knowledge we have to make the diagnosis of AIE, educate the patient, develop a therapeutic approach to control the disease, and ultimately provide a better quality of life to our elderly patients


Keywords: age, asthma in the elderly, allergy, ageing,


Los autores declaran no poseer conflictos de intereses.

Fuente de información Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires. Para solicitudes de reimpresión a Revista Fronteras en Medicina hacer click aquí.

Recibido | Aceptado | Publicado 2016-12-30

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Autores

Anahí Yáñez
Centro de Investigaciones en Alergia y Enfermedades Respiratorias InAER. CABA, Rep. Argentina.
Carlos Bueno
Laboratorio de Virología, Departamento de Química Biológica, IQUIBICEN. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales Universidad de Buenos Aires. CABA, Rep. Argentina.

Autor correspondencia

Anahí Yáñez
Centro de Investigaciones en Alergia y Enfermedades Respiratorias InAER. CABA, Rep. Argentina.

Correo electrónico: ar­chi­vo­s@a­ler­gia.or­g.ar

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Titulo
Asma en adultos mayores

Autores
Anahí Yáñez, Carlos Bueno

Publicación
Revista Fronteras en Medicina

Editor
Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires

Fecha de publicación
2016-12-30

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© Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires

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