Artículo de Revisión

La actividad física y sus efectos en las enfermedades alérgicas

Martín Maillo, Roberto Jossen, Daniel Vázquez, Cecilia Cavallo, Silvana Monsell, Maximiliano Gómez


La actividad física (AF) ha demostrado beneficios indiscutibles en la prevención y tratamiento de numerosas enfermedades graves y hasta mortales. En pacientes con enfermedades alérgicas, la realización de AF es un tema frecuentemente tratado en la consulta alergológica. Es amplia la discusión sobre sus indicaciones, sus condiciones de realización, el tipo de AF más conveniente, como también su intensidad o duración. Con la intención de obtener los mejores beneficios en materia de prevención de enfermedades y lograr los mejores resultados en el manejo y control de las enfermedades alérgicas, es necesario conocer la evidencia disponible que ayude al médico especialista así como al resto del personal de salud al momento de recomendar las AF que mejor se adapten a las necesidades del paciente alérgico, basando sus recomendaciones en el conocimiento de los mecanismos inmunológicos y funcionales que operan en las enfermedades alérgicas al momento que el paciente realiza AF. Además, es necesario considerar el impacto de la AF en deportistas alérgicos, con la intención de lograr un adecuado control de la enfermedad sin alterar el rendimiento deportivo. El objetivo de esta puesta al día es el proveer las herramientas que ayuden al médico alergista a indicar las AF que mejor se adapten a las necesidades y condiciones del paciente alérgico.

Palabras clave: ejercicio, asma, rinitis, dermatitis atópica, anafilaxia,

Physical activity (PA) has shown indisputable benefits in the prevention and treatment of numerous serious and even fatal diseases. In patients with allergic diseases, the performance of PA is a frequently discussed topic in the allergological consultation, with extensive discussion about its indications of PA, it´s conditions of performance, the most convenient type of FA, as well as its intensity or duration. In order to obtain the best benefits in terms of disease prevention and achieve the best results in the management and control of allergic diseases, it is necessary to know the available evidence that helps the specialist doctor and the rest of the health care personnel, at the moment to recommend the PA that best suits the needs of the allergic patient. Basing its recommendations on the knowledge of the immunological and functional mechanisms that operate in allergic diseases at the time the patient performs PA. In addition, it is necessary to consider the impact of PA in allergic athletes, with the intention of achieving adequate control of the disease without altering sports performance.The objective of this update is to provide the tools that help the allergist to indicate the PA that best suits the needs and conditions of the allergic patient.

Keywords: exercise, asthma, rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, anaphylaxis,

Los autores declaran no poseer conflictos de intereses.

Fuente de información Asociación Argentina de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica. Para solicitudes de reimpresión a Archivos de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica hacer click aquí.

Recibido | Aceptado | Publicado 2020-12-31

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Martín Maillo
Instituto del Buen Aire, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina.
Roberto Jossen
Consultorio de Alergia e Inmunología, Esperanza (Santa Fe), Argentina.
Daniel Vázquez
Clínica Privada Monte Grande, Servicio de Alergia (Buenos Aires), Argentina.
Cecilia Cavallo
Servicio Alergia e Inmunología, Hospital “San Martín”, Paraná (Entre Ríos), Argentina.
Silvana Monsell
Consultorio de Alergia, Hospital del Niño de San Justo, San Justo (Buenos Aires), Argentina.
Maximiliano Gómez
Fundación Ayre, Instituto Médico Alas, Salta (Salta), Argentina.

Autor correspondencia

Martín Maillo
Instituto del Buen Aire, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina.

Correo electrónico: martinmaillo05@yahoo.com.ar

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La actividad física y sus efectos en las enfermedades alérgicas

Martín Maillo, Roberto Jossen, Daniel Vázquez, Cecilia Cavallo, Silvana Monsell, Maximiliano Gómez

Archivos de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica

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